Education: Offering UG, PG and Ph D courses on aquatic animal health with dedication along with detail practical knowledge to the students. Participate in the regular routine academic activities with regard to Examination, Evaluation etc. of the Faculty.
Research: Conducting field oriented research through external funded research projects, post-graduate students as well as pursuing research for academic interest. The outputs of the research are being reflected through publications in the high standard journals of National and International Repute.
Extension: The teaching staffs of the Department have a regular interaction with the farmers through various trainings, workshops, etc and the feed-backs are reciprocated by the fisher folks. Many a times, teaching staffs have one to one contact with the farmers to solve their field problems.
Other activities: Besides the above, the teachers are also involved with additional duties like library maintenance, maintenance of the guest house, auditorium, purchase of various items of the department, etc.
Faculty MemberFaculty: Faculty of Fishery Sciences
Head of the Department. : Dr Jawahar Abraham T
DR. JAWAHAR ABRAHAM. T
Qualification : M.F.Sc. & Ph. D.
Designation : Professor
Email : email@example.com
Phone : +91 9433368328
Popular Articles: 15
Books/ Books Chapter: 01
Master Degree: 25
Post Doctoral: 04
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DR. GADADHAR DASH
Qualification : M.F.Sc. & Ph. D.
Designation : Professor
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone: +91 9433326219
Popular Articles: 56
Books/ Books Chapter: 09
Master Degree: 25
Post Doctoral: 0
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MR. PRASENJIT MALI
Qualification : M.F.Sc.
Designation :Assistant Professor
Email : email@example.com
Phone: +91 9433842295
Popular Articles: 02
Books/ Books Chapter: 0
Master Degree: 0
Post Doctoral: 0
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Undergraduate Programme Course No. Course Title Credit Hours AAH-111 Fundamentals of microbiology 2+2 AAH-323 Fishery microbiology 1+1 AAH-221 Fish and shellfish pathology 2+1 AAH-422 Microbial and parasitic diseases of fish and shellfish 2+1 AAH-212 Fish immunology 1+1 AAH-316 Fish toxicology 1+1 AAH-427 Pharmacology 2+1 Post-graduate programme Course No. Course Title Credit Hours AAH-501 Viral and bacterial diseases of finfish and shellfish 2+1 AAH-505 Fish immunology 2+1 AAH-506 Microbiological techniques 1+1 AAH-511 Diagnostic microbiology 1+1 AAH 502 Parasitic diseases of finfish and shellfish 2+1 AAH 503 Health management in aquaculture 2+1 AAH 504 Systemic fish pathology 2+1 AAH 508 Clinical pathology 1+1 Ph D Programme Course No. Course Title Credit Hours AAH 601 Fish and shellfish virology 2+1 AAH 607 Public health microbiology and epidemiology 2+1 AAH 602 Advances in fish parasitology 2+1 AAH 603 Molecular mechanisms in disease process 2+1 AAH 605 Fish Pharmacology 2+1
Project Completed / ongoing
Ongoing Sl.No. Title Name of PI Period Funding Agency Budget (Rs. in lakhs) 1 All India Network Project on Fish Health Dr Jawahar Abraham T 2015-2020 ICAR, New Delhi 58.50 2 National surveillance programme on aquatic animal diseases Dr G Dash 2013-2018 NFDB, Hyderabad 76.430 Completed Sl.No. Title Name of PI Period Funding Agency Budget (Rs. in lakhs) 1 NATP on Shrimp and fish health management Dr Jawahar Abraham T 1999-2005 ICAR, New Delhi 22.00 2 Use of probiotics in freshwater aquariculture Dr. Jawahar Abraham. T 2001-2004 ICAR, New Delhi 12.726 3 Design and Development of Responsible Trawl for Upper East Coast of India Dr. Jawahar Abraham. T 2004-2007 ICAR, New Delhi 15.67 4 Niche Area of Excellence programme on Surveillance of diseases of aquacultured finfish and shellfish in West Bengal and development of disease management strategies Dr. Jawahar Abraham. T 2012-2016 ICAR, New Delhi 488.90 5 Development of simple diagnostic kit for motile aeromonads in freshwater fish Dr SN Joardar 2005-2006 DST, Govt. of West Bengal 2.95 6 Characterization of immune effector cells in Indian major and minor carps Dr SN Joardar 2008-2011 DBT, Govt. of India 12.00 7 Elucidation of food safety issues related to fish borne parasites with zoonotic potential in aquaculture produce Dr G Dash 2003-2006 ICAR, New Delhi 8.881 8 Disease issues and health management in aquaculture systems Dr G Dash 2015 NFDB, Hyderabad 1.05
Research FindingsProject Name: NAE on surveillance of diseases of aquacultured finfish and shellfish and development of disease management strategies
- Established a fish disease diagnostic laboratory with facilities for Level 3 diagnosis
- Prepared a fish disease database and a fish disease calendar comprising 75 infectious and non-infectious diseases prevalent in West Bengal
- Documented the prevalence of Transboundary Aquatic Animal Diseases (TAAD) such as WSV, CyHV2, CyHV3, lymphocystis, EUS and streptocococis, of which WSV, CyHV3 (yet to be validated by referral laboratory) and EUS were OIE listed diseases.
- First to report the molecular characterization of Myxobolus , Thelohanellus spp. and Argulus spp. on the basis of 18S rRNA gene sequence from India.
- Generated genetic database for molecular taxonomy of 12 Myxobolus and 14 Thelohanellus spp. and two Argulus spp. on the basis of 18S rRNA gene sequence.
- First outbreak report of Cyprinid herpes virus-2 disease in ornamental (goldfish) aquaculture farms in West Bengal
- Documented four different types of vertebral deformities such as platyspondyly, kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis, and fish opercula deformity syndrome (FODS) in finfish species
- Documented normal serum biochemistry of apparently healthy Labeo rohita for 16 parameters and Pangasius pangasius for 12 parameters and normal serum immune chemistry of healthy pangasius for 7 parameters
- First to report the serum insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 concentrations in cultured Indian major carps and pangasius in India
- Standardized the appropriate packing density for fish seed transportation for 2-3 h duration
- The packing density of 1 kg/bag (1 kg/7.5 L of water) was ideal for fish seed transportation for 2-3 h duration as against 1.5 kg/bag (1.5 kg/ 7.5 L of water) in practice.
- Relative risk, putative and sparing factors that induce disease in carps and catfish have been identified for ecofriendly interventions and for the development of BMPs.
- Developed Dot ELISA techniques for the detection of Edwardsiella tarda and Aeromonas hydrophila
- Standardized multiplex PCR technique for simultaneous detection of Edwardsiella tarda and Aeromonas hydrophila infection in catfish
- Standardized the PCR based detection of Edwardsiella tarda and Flavobacterium columnare infection in finfish by culture independent metagenomic approach
- Developed appropriate protocols for the application of Pseudomonas aeruginosa P72 isolated from fish mucus as biocontrol agent, probiotic and immunomodulator
- Developed an outer membrane protein (OMP) vaccine for Edwardsiella tarda and assessed its efficacy in Pangasius oangasius against Edwardsiella tarda
- Organized, so far, 59 training programmes for the benefit of 2070 fish farmers and 137 extension personals
- Involved 14 MFSc and 3 Ph D scholars in the NAE the programme
- 4 research papers of the NAE programme were adjusted as best papers in Journal and seminar presentations.
- Submitted a total of 122 numbers of 16S rDNA gene sequences/18S rRNA gene sequences comprising 81 numbers of 16S rDNA gene sequences, and 25 numbers of 18S rRNA gene sequences of Thelohanellus spp., 13 numbers of 18S rRNA gene sequences of Myxobolus , 6 numbers of 18S rRNA gene sequences of Argulus spp. to NCBI GenBank database.
- Developed a set of keys for the species level identification of motile aeromonads on the basis of biochemical tests
- Published 34 research articles (20 international and 14 national journals)
Project Name: All India Network Project on Fish Health
- Oreochromis niloticus juveniles (7.78±0.50 g) were found to be more susceptible to hydrophila than O. niloticus fries (0.50±0.13 g) at temperatures in the range of 17-20°C.
- Significantly high mortalities (36.67%) were observed during winter season (17-20°C) in skin wounded, challenged and untreated group compared with the mortalities (23.80%) during summer season (30°C) in skin wounded, challenged and untreated group.
- About 35% or more mortality was recorded in winter than summer during challenge experiments.
- Oxytetracycline (OTC) was effective in controlling the Aeromonas hydrophila infection in niloticus when used with feed and as bath/dip treatment.
- OTC medicated feed treatment was more effective than bath/dip treatment during challenge experiments.
- Skin wounding followed by immersion resulted in high levels of mortality in niloticus. The mortality in skin wounding followed by immersion mode was 6.75 and 10.8 fold higher than the intraperitoneal and intramuscular injection routes, respectively.
- The kidney tissues of Oreochromis niloticus intramuscularly challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila on 10th day post-feeding with OTC fed (2 g OTC/kg feed @ 2% b/w) exhibited glomerulopathy with mild pathological changes, slight necrosis, inflammation, degeneration and thickening of nephritic tubules; While in 4 g OTC/kg feed @ 2% b/w fish, the kidney tissues, on 10th day post-feeding exhibited glomerulus with thin epithelial layer, inflammation and improved organization of nephritic tubules. No necrotic changes were noticed.
- Residues of OTC have been detected in bath treated niloticus fries for up to 10-15 days post-treatment by ELISA based OTC kit.
- The residue levels in niloticus samples increased as a function of dosage levels, except when the fish were subjected to 21 days of withdrawal period.
- Cultured Litopenaeus vannamei (22%) was found to be infected with WSV (Asymptomatic). No infection due to IHHNV, HPV, AHPND, Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP), running mortality syndrome, etc were recorded during the reporting period.
- White faecal cast problem was noted in Litopenaeus vannamei in few surveyed farms.
- Exotic diseases like Streptococcus agalactiae infection, Piaractus brachypomus (Pacu) fry mortality syndrome of unknown etiology, brain myxoboliasis were noted in Oreochromis niloticus, Piaractus brachypomus and Clarias gariepinus, respectively cultured in West Bengal.
- Conducted six awareness programs/meetings on BMPs in aquaculture in 6 districts, and five one day training programs for stakeholders on principles and practice of BMPs were conducted during the reporting period. Farm advisory was also provided to the farmers on disease, disease management and prophylactic and control measures
- Collected 60 farm production loss details in West Bengal
Project Name: NATP on Shrimp and fish health management
Twenty three disease conditions – 5 infectious diseases and 18 non-infectious- were observed in the cultured shrimp on 269 farm visits between 2000 and 2004. In grow-out ponds, the luminous bacterial counts (LBC) were higher (log 2.91±0.57/ml) between DOC 30 and 60. The LBCs increased up to DOC 60 and decreased thereafter both in water and sediment samples. Histopathological observations on diseased shrimp revealed predominance of WSSV infection and multiple diseased conditions. HPV infection was noticed in few infected shrimp. Luminous bacteria Vibrio harveyi induced septicemic hepatopancreatitis was noticed in semi-intensive grown Penaeus monodon. Protozoan ectoparasites such as Acineta, Epistylis, Vorticella and Zoothamnium were found in penaeid shrimp of bheries, of which Zoothamnium was the most common. Microsporidian infected the muscle, gonad, hepatopancreas and to a lesser extent on gill and gut epithelial layer of P. monodon from bheries. Antagonistic marine bacteria such as Alteromonas sp, Bacillus sp and V. harveyi were found to have vibriostatic activity.
Project Name: ICAR Ad-hoc Scheme: Use of probiotics in freshwater aquariculture
An indigenous gut bacterium, Lactobacillus sp P21, isolated from mrigal, Cirrhinus mrigala was used as a probiotic strain on the basis of its wide spectrum of action. The probiotic bacterium was administered through feed, water and live fish-food organisms – Tubifex and Artemia nauplii (Bioencapsulation) and the efficacy assessed. The Lactobacillus sp P21 was able to improve the growth and survival of goldfish, Carassius auratus and sword tail, Xiphophorus helleri, and confer protection against pathogens when applied through water and/or bioencapsulation in live fish foods. The probiotic strain competitively excluded pathogens by the production of antibacterial substance and improved the nutritional efficiency. The probiotic strain resisted fish bile and low pH, colonized in the gut, formed biofilm and/or adhered to different substrates and fulfilled the major requirements of being an effective probiotic. The incorporation of probiotic in feed favourably influenced the reproductive performance of X. helleri in terms of high fecundity, high fry survival and reduction in fry mortality and deformity.
Project Name: ICAR Ad-hoc scheme on Design and development of responsible trawl for pomfret fishery along the northeast coast of India
In the Northeast coast, 65 % and 35 % of the trawlers were engaged in the fishing of demersal and pelagic fishes, respectively. The pomfret catch composition was 17-19% in trawlers. Among the pomfrets, Pampus argenteus (silver pomfret) contributed the major share (89 %), followed by Parastromateus niger (black pomfret, 6%) and Pampus chinensis (white or Chinese pomfret, 5 %). The maximum catch was contributed by 50-100 mm length group (25 %) followed by 100-150 mm (16 %). The pomfret catch was significantly increased in the newly developed semi-pelagic pomfret trawl (40-50%) compared to control trawl (14-15%). The selectivity curves of silver pomfret for mesh size 40 mm, 60 mm and 80 mm of square mesh codend coincided with each other at higher length groups. The selection curve of pomfret for 40 mm indicated that square mesh codend of 40 mm is required either 30 or 40 % for notable escapement. Considering length at 50 % maturity of pomfret (14 cm for female), the actual legal minimum mesh size opening (80 mm) is adequate because l50 (14.07 cm) is greater than Lm. With 80 mm mesh opening, it is possible protect the reproductive potential of female pomfret. The study provided selectivity Master Curve, which would help determine retention lengths for any mesh size opening between 40 and 80 mm and evaluate management regulations for other fisheries.
Project Name: ICAR Ad-hoc scheme on Elucidation of food safety issues related to fish-borne parasites of zoonotic potential in aquaculture produce
- Several groups of helminth parasites viz; Monogeneans, Digeneans, Cestodes, Nematodes, Trematodes and Acanthocephalans were observed and among these, monogeneans and nematodes showed highest prevalence in Indian major carps.
- Monogeneans: The occurrence of monogenean infections on gills was high during summer. Catla catla was highly susceptible to monogenean infection. Smaller size groups (10-15 cm) have showed more susceptibility compared to the larger ones.
- Digeneans: The overall digenean infection was rare among the Indian major carps. Only a very few parasites were isolated from the gills region.
- Cestodes: The prevalence of Cestodes was high in summer. The infection was more in larger size groups (i.e. 30-35 cm size group in case of Catla catla and Labeo rohita and 25-35 cm size groups for Cirrhinus mrigala).
- Nematodes: Nematodes were abundant in the intestine during rainy season. Catla catla was highly susceptible followed by Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala. Nematode infection was more in smaller fishes (5-10 cm and 10-15 cm size groups).
- Acanthocephala: Acanthocephalan infections were found to be highest during summer. The parasitic frequency index (PFI %) was more in 15-20 cm size groups (Catla catla) and 20-25 cm size groups (Labeo rohita).
- Intermediate Host (Snail): Several cercarial and metacercarial stages of helminth parasites were observed in snails (Pila globosa) which are the intermediate hosts for these parasites. Biological method of control (introduction of ducks) was found to be most eco-friendly for fish ponds.
- Zoonotic strains: Three zoonotic strains viz., Clonorchis sp., Capillaria sp. and Heterophyes heterophyes were isolated from Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala.
Project Name: National surveillance programme on aquatic animal diseases
- Surveillance of 17 different cultured food fishes and 3 cultured shrimp/prawn species (economically important) and 10 different freshwater ornamental fish species.
- Documented the prevalence of OIE listed disease (WSV) and diseases of National concern such as Myxoboliasis, Argulosis, Thelohanellosis, Trichodiniasis, Dactylogyrosis, Ichthyophthiriasis, Aeromoniasis and Vibriosis in West Bengal.
- Three different types of vertebral deformities such as lordosis, scoliosis and fish opercula deformity syndrome (FODS)
- Total 34 nos. of diseases had been identified among them, bacterial 08, parasitic 15, viral 01, fungal 01, Nutritional disorders 06, Stress mediated diseases 03.
- 4 districts (5 blocks each) fully covered under active surveillance.
- 6 districts (approx.10 blocks) covered under passive surveillance.
- 4 nos of gene sequence (16S rRNA /18S rRNA) submitted to NCBI Gen Bank.
- Total 34 nos of awareness programmes were conducted
- Total 24 nos of trainings (Officer’s & farmer’s level) were made.
- Total 12 nos of research papers were published in various journals of National & International repute.
- 07 nos of leaflets and 05 nos of training manuals were published in regional languages.
- 04 nos of PG students successfully completed their thesis work under NSPAAD programme
- A total of 52 Farmers training programmes and Awareness Camps have been completed, benefitting 6000 numbers of fish/Shrimp farmers and 58 Fishery Extension Officers .
- Submitted 282 nos of baseline data out of which (57 nos active and 225 nos passive), 466 nos of biological information sheets and 03 nos of disease outbreaks information to the NSPAAD website for development of National Database. These information includes both fish and shellfish.
- Farm Advisory services through Whatsapp, messages, e-mail, TV programmes & over telephone to the farmers/hatchery personnel’s/NGOS/Private entrepreneurs through which a strong rapport has been developed among the fish/shrimp farming community and also with the Govt. Machinery.